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At Metropolitan Dental Center in Waterford, MI, have experts in the field of oral surgery, offering a range of services and procedures from bone grafts to tooth extractions.

Waterford Twp, MI dental offices offers several types of oral surgery in house

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At Metropolitan Dental Center in Waterford Twp, MI, we have experts in the field of oral surgery, offering a range of services and procedures from bone grafts to tooth extractions.

What is an oral surgeon?

Oral or maxillofacial surgeons are types of dentists with additional training to treat a range of dental conditions such as wisdom tooth extractions, oral cancer, bone augmentations, implants, and more. In many cases, a dentist will refer you to an outside oral surgeon if you need additional services, but at Metropolitan Dental Center, we have available oral surgeons on staff.

Types of oral surgery

There are several different types of oral surgery that you may require when you come to our office. Three of the most common are: wisdom tooth extraction, bone grafting, and dental implants.

Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Image of a Tooth Extraction By the age of 18, the average adult will end up with 32 teeth, however most mouths can only comfortably accommodate 28 teeth. This means that the third molars, known as wisdom teeth, often need to be removed. These teeth can cause many different dental problems such as partially emerging, growing in sideways or getting trapped beneath the gum and bone.

While a dentist can extract a tooth that can be pulled out via forceps, an oral surgeon is needed when the gum needs to be cut in order to reach the tooth. For this reason, patients who require wisdom tooth extraction may need to be seen by one of our oral surgeons.

Wisdom tooth extractions are a quick procedure that typically takes less than an hour. Patients will be able to choose from several types of sedation to ensure that the removal is comfortable. First, local anesthetic will be given. A shot of Novocain is placed into the gums to numb the entire area. The most common methods of sedation are:
  • Nitrous oxide – (laughing gas) may be used to help patients relax during the removal.
  • IV Sedation – In addition to numbing the mouth with Novocain, sedation drugs can be given through an IV to make you sleepy. Most patients do not have any memory of the removal after IV sedation.
Following wisdom tooth extraction, most patients experience inflammation or discomfort for several days. The mouth will need several weeks to fully heal. It’s important to follow the doctor’s post-care instructions to ensure successful healing.
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Bone Grafting

Many patients who are missing teeth will need bone grafting prior to dental implants. For the implant procedure to be successful, there needs to be enough bone structure to fuse with the implant and provide the stability needed for the dental crown. If there has been bone loss, the augmentation will add the bone structure needed.

If an implant is placed into a jawbone where there isn’t enough bone, it could potentially perforate the sinus membranes, or the entire implant could fail. Bone grafts make it possible for many patients to have a restored smile after tooth loss.

It’s important to note that bone grafting can be a time-consuming process. It can take anywhere from several weeks to several months for healing to complete. Immediately following the surgery, patients can experience gum swelling, bruising or bleeding in the mouth. Once the bone and soft tissue has fully healed, the dental implant procedure can be completed.

Dental Implants

Image of a Dental Implant Dental implants are titanium posts that replace a missing tooth root. When inserted into the bone beneath the gumline, they create a stable foundation for replacement teeth such as crowns, bridges, or dentures.

Dental implants are the only tooth replacement that integrates into the jawbone. Because of this, they are the closest option to natural teeth. Dental implants will not move or slip out of place like dentures that use suction or adhesive. This allows patients to have confidence when eating and speaking.

Another advantage of dental implants is that adjacent teeth do not have to be ground down as they do with a conventional bridge. This allows healthy teeth to remain fully intact.

Once the implant is placed, the bone will need time to heal and fuse to the post. This process is called osseointegration. Once this is complete and the soft tissue is healed, a second surgery will be done to place a connector, called an abutment to the implant. The final step is placing the artificial tooth or teeth to the abutment.

To learn more about the types of oral surgery that Metropolitan Dental Center offers in Waterford, please call us at (248) 365-7737.

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